The Standing Committees of the House play an important role of oversight and monitoring the working of the relevant Ministries of the Government. In the parliamentary democracies, the Committees are regarded as “eyes, ears, hands and even brain of the Parliament”. Another saying about the importance of the Committee is the “Congress in session is Congress in Exhibition, while Congress in its Committee Room is Congress at work”. (Joseph P. Haris)
There shall be a Standing Committee of the Assembly for each Ministry of the Government (Rule 198). The Standing Committees examine Bills referred to them by the House and submit its reports to the House. Upon introduction, a Bill other than a Finance Bill, shall stand referred to the Standing Committee concerned with the subject matter of the Bill (Rule 122)
The National Assembly Rules of Procedure contain special provisions empowering the Standing Committees to examine the expenditures, administration, delegated legislations, public petitions and policies of the Ministry concerned and its associated public bodies and may forward its report of findings and recommendations to the Ministry and Ministry shall submit its reply to the Committee.
In addition to two non-Departmental Standing Committees, viz Standing Committee on Public Accounts and Committee on Government Assurances; and three Domestic Committees, namely Committee on Rules of Procedure and Privileges, House and Library Committee and Business Advisory Committee;
All the Standing Committees under rule 200, their members are required to be elected by the Assembly within thirty days after the election of the Leader of the House.
In addition to Standing Committees, the Assembly can constitute, in accordance with the provisions of rule 244, Select Committees on Bills and Special Committees to carry out functions specified in the motion.